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Guidelines for COVID-19 cases and contacts for the General Public and Schools

Effective date as of September 21, 2022

Navajo Nation Guideline for individuals regardless of vaccine status (does not apply to health care workers)
COVID Status Self Care Action Plan
Cases - Anyone who tests positive for COVID
  1. Isolate for 5 to 10 days: Stay at home away from others for 10 days since symptoms began (or from test date if no symptoms). Isolation can be shortened to 5 days as long as symptoms are resolving.
  2. Mask for 10 days: All cases must wear a high-quality mask* around others for full 10 days, both in and outside of home.
  3. If COVID-19 recur or worsen within 2 weeks from starting isolation: Isolate again and check with public health team.
Contacts - Anyone who has been exposed to someone with COVID
  1. Mask and Monitor for 10 days: All close contacts must begin to mask immediately and monitor for symptoms 10 days after last exposure. A high-quality mask* must be worn around others both in and outside the home for 10 days from their last exposure.
  2. Test on day 6. Get tested five days after last exposure regardless of symptoms. A home test can be used if no symptoms.
  3. If COVID-19 symptoms develop within 10 days from last exposure:Get tested immediately and isolate away from others until the result is back. Check with public health team for recommendations based on test result.
Recommendations for Cases and Contacts who are around high-risk individuals or settings.

High-risk individuals include people who are age 50 and older, not up-to-date with COVID-19 vaccines including boosters, or have immunosuppressed conditions. High-risk settings include places where high-risk individuals gather (e.g. nursing home, homeless shelter, correctional and detox facility) and/or where strong preventive layers are not in place (e.g. daycare where young children are unable to wear masks).

For cases / contacts who will be around high-risk individuals or high-risk settings. we recommend additional precautions whenever possible:

  • Minimizing unnecessary interactions with others, including staying home if possible
  • Frequent home testing during masking period after diagnosis or exposure
  • Wearing the highest quality mask* available, such as an N95
  • Limiting close contact with individuals who are at higher risk of severe COVID
  • Ensuring high-risk individuals are up-to-date on vaccines prior to visiting
  • Ensuring high-risk individuals wear a high-quality mask when visiting

* High-quality masks include N95, KN95, and KF94 masks. If these are not available, check with your public health team for supply.


  • Completed the primary series of Pfizer or Moderna vaccine within the last 5 months


  • Completed the primary series of J&J vaccine within the last 2 months


  • Received a booster

For all testing recommendations, home testing is an acceptable form of testing. If the test is positive, self report to the health facility where you receive your primary care.

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